Material

ODYM – An Open Software Framework for Studying Dynamic Material Systems. Principles, Implementation, and Data Structures

Material flow analysis (MFA) studies the stocks and flows of goods and substances in systems. The methods and algorithms of MFA have improved over the last years, but a flexible platform that integrates recent modeling advances such as simultaneous …

Monte Carlo approach to integrated chemical, physical, and life cycle impact assessments of cement related materials

Deterministic experimental and modelling approaches to understanding cement and concrete properties have greatly advanced over many years. Presently, the physico-chemical properties of high Portland cement (PC) materials are generally well known, as …

A Database Seed for a Community-driven Material Intensity Research Platform

The data record contains Material Intensity data for buildings (MI). MI coefficients are often used for different types of analysis of socio-economic systems and in particular for environmental assessments. Until now, MI values were compiled and …

The future in and of criticality assessments

In recent literature, the concept of criticality aspires to provide a multifaceted risk assessment of resource supply shortage. However, most existing methodologies for the criticality assessment of raw materials are restricted to a fixed temporal …

Building material use and associated environmental impacts in China 2000-2015

Tracking Construction Material over Space and Time: Prospective and Geo-referenced Modeling of Building Stocks and Construction Material Flows

Construction material plays an increasingly important role in the environmental impacts of buildings. In order to investigate impacts of materials on a building level, we present a bottom‐up building stock model that uses three‐dimensional and …

Building Inventory and Refurbishment Scenario Database Development for Switzerland

Influence of construction material choice and design parameters on greenhouse gas emissions of buildings

Wood has typically lower environmental impacts compared to other materials. However, it also has reduced capacity to store thermal energy, potentially causing increased operating energy demand. Here we investigate this trade-off between environmental …