Material

Technologies and policies to decarbonize global industry: Review and assessment of mitigation drivers through 2070

Fully decarbonizing global industry is essential to achieving climate stabilization, and reaching net zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050–2070 is necessary to limit global warming to 2 °C. This paper assembles and evaluates technical and policy …

A framework for sustainable and circular system design: development and application on thermal insulation materials

Circular economy is increasingly promoted as a solution to decouple economic growth and environmental impacts. To design a circular and sustainable system, a structured approach is needed. In this study, we suggest to follow a 3-step approach. First, the status quo is evaluated using environmental assessment methods. We determine current circularity (share of assessed product and material retained and further used in the system), environmental impacts, the most impactful products and processes, and assess contaminants and impurities.

ODYM – An Open Software Framework for Studying Dynamic Material Systems. Principles, Implementation, and Data Structures

Material flow analysis (MFA) studies the stocks and flows of goods and substances in systems. The methods and algorithms of MFA have improved over the last years, but a flexible platform that integrates recent modeling advances such as simultaneous …

Monte Carlo approach to integrated chemical, physical, and life cycle impact assessments of cement related materials

Deterministic experimental and modelling approaches to understanding cement and concrete properties have greatly advanced over many years. Presently, the physico-chemical properties of high Portland cement (PC) materials are generally well known, as …

A Database Seed for a Community-driven Material Intensity Research Platform

The data record contains Material Intensity data for buildings (MI). MI coefficients are often used for different types of analysis of socio-economic systems and in particular for environmental assessments. Until now, MI values were compiled and …

Circular System Design -- Fallbeispiel Isolationsmaterialien Schweiz

Circular System Design: A case study on insulation material in Switzerland

The future in and of criticality assessments

In recent literature, the concept of criticality aspires to provide a multifaceted risk assessment of resource supply shortage. However, most existing methodologies for the criticality assessment of raw materials are restricted to a fixed temporal …

Building material use and associated environmental impacts in China 2000-2015

Circular System Design – A Case Study on Insulation Material in Switzerland